Why Are Animal Rights and Laws Needed?
Animal welfare is critical because many animals around us suffer from being used for entertainment, meals, medicinal drugs, style, clinical advancement, and as pets. Every animal deserves a fabulous lifestyle, enjoying the blessings of the five domain names.
Essential Laws in India for the Protection of Animals
- Indian Penal Code (IPC)
- The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act of 1960
- Wildlife Protection Act 1972
The Indian Penal Code (IPC) 1860 is the official criminal code of India, which covers all substantive aspects of criminal law. Section 428 and 429 of the IPC provides for punishment of all acts of cruelty such as killing, poisoning, maiming or rendering useless of animals.
Section 428 of the Indian Penal Code
States that the punishment for killing, poisoning, maiming, or rendering useless any animal or animals of the value of ten rupees or upwards is simple or rigorous imprisonment for up to two years, with a fine, or with both.
Section 429 of the Indian Penal Code
States that the punishment for killing, poisoning, maiming, or rendering useless any animal or animals of the value of fifty rupees or upwards (which automatically includes all cattle/beasts of burden) are simple or rigorous imprisonment for up to five years or with a fine, or with both.
The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960
The objective of the Act is to prevent the infliction of unnecessary pain or suffering on animals and to amend the laws relating to the prevention of cruelty to animals.
- cruelty against the person’s pet
- inhumane slaughter
- inhumane transportation
- inhumane living conditions (even for animals destined for slaughter)
- tail docking
- ear docking.
Wildlife Protection Act 1972
This Act protects the country’s wild animals, birds, and plant species to ensure environmental and ecological security. Among other things, the Act limits the hunting of many animal species. The Act was last amended in the year 2006.
Freedom from Hunger and Thirst
By ready access to fresh water and a diet to maintain health and vigour.
Freedom from Discomfort
By providing an appropriate environment, including shelter and a comfortable resting area.
Freedom from Pain, Injury or Disease
By prevention or rapid diagnosis and treatment.
Freedom to Express Normal Behavior
By providing sufficient space, proper facilities and company of the animal’s kind.
Freedom from Fear and Distress
By ensuring conditions and treatment which avoid mental suffering.